Balochistan or Baluchistan (Baluchistan: بلوچستان, lit the Baloch land) is an arid desert in the southwest and mountainous region Iranian plateau, northwest the Arabian Sea. It spans a small portion of southwestern Pakistan, southeastern Iran, and southwestern Afghanistan. The southern part of Balochistan is known for its historical name Makran.
Balochistan residence who use their native language as a native Baloch tribal name. Farsi, Pashto, and Urdu as a second language in certain areas; Brahui Brahui statement by the minority. Balochistan, Pakistan has the largest area of four provinces, the country's total land mass of about 44%, while the least populous, is home to the country's population is less than 5%.
History of Balochistan covers the history of the region, currently consists of Baluchistan, Sistan - Baluchistan Stan province of Iran and Baluchistan province of Pakistan, Afghanistan region.
SOME PHOTOS OF BALOCHISTAN:
Hanna Lake, near Quetta:
A Rock, near Pishkun, Balochistan:
“Desert scene, Balochistan:
Balochistan is very far away from Ireland
Into the Sulaiman Range at Zhob, Balochistan, Pakistan
Pakistan’s Balochistan province is descending into anarchy. Only a political agreement between the central government and the nationalist Baloch is likely to end the crisis.
Train and Heavy Road Traffic in Bolan Pass. A train is going into a tunnel and heavy traffic is plying on the road in Bolan Pass.
A beautiful view of Gawadar.
Word Ziarat means "Holy Land" (a saint's tomb). Folklore tells the story of a saint, Kharwari Baba, who is considered to remain in the valley and blessing it. He is a member of the tribe Sarangzai, his original name was Mulla Tahir. Later, he became a disciple of Nana Sahib. Khurwari many miracles attributed to Baba. Khurwari Baba shrine then named Ziarat, located 8 km from Ziarat, visited by many people to pay property sacred soul.
Ziarat proud of hosting Quaid - E-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan on many occasions. He also spent the last days of his life living with the government in September 1948 was chosen as the site for the sick great, because Ziarat provides the best climatic conditions, especially in the summer. In addition, Mr. Jinnah had to Ziarat great personal preferences. For this reason, a small double Ziarat residence has won the National Monument position.
This huge residence was built in 1882 by the British government and to the significant independence in the use of the British Governor of India as their summer headquarters of the agency.
Around Ziarat and lush hills are home to the world's second largest juniper trees. Juniper is considered a real treasure of Ziarat. There in the valley which is more than 7,000-year-old trees. In Ziarat a herb called ephedra extract in a chemical called ephedrine, an important component of a variety of drugs, especially cough syrup abundance was found. When the snow in winter cypress Ziarat valley is the most beautiful. Ziarat local dishes as "George." More tourists to visit the place during the summer. Learn More About Juniper Bosen Lin.
The residency is embellished with beautiful lawns, covered with grassy carpets and with roses, dancing to the rhythmic tunes of wind, all around the garden. From there one can have a striking view of the picturesque valley.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s Last Resting Place
Ziarat literally means a place of pilgrimage. Before Ziarat as a small house THC British rule of the subcontinent, it has existed. Its local name was Gwuskhi or Kowashki, Ziarat and changed to its present name in 1886 it obtained its name from the famous shrine of Muslim saint Mian Abdul Hakim adjacent, commonly known as Mu Lata Hill and Kharwari Baba. "(See below) Prospect Point" shrine situated in the valley below, the South Ziarat town. According to legend, St. distance here in Kandahar, Afghanistan, he opposed Ghlzai King Hussein highhandedness. He was forced to leave their homes and migrate to this place. We are reaching the valley, his place in a hilltop residence, this place of prayer and said:. "This place shall flourish" Since water is still flowing from its beginning, and is considered sacred and wholesome spot bleeding.
Ziarat was first selected as a health resort in 1883 by the British until then with a few mud houses in remote areas
Balochistan Natural Resources:
Currently in Balochistan natural resources, including chromite, Flourite, barite, asbestos, marble, garnet, vermiculite, gold, copper, iron, natural gas, oil, and so it is very important in today's world. It is greater. 750 km long coastline and areas of Balochistan has been declared economic welfare gateway.
Gold MinesMaking gold in gold mining land in Balochistan. This is Pakistan's southwest region covers an area of 347,190 square kilometers. Afghan border in the southwest side of the north and northwest side and the Iranian border. The Arabian Sea in the south. Blessed Balochistan province-wide natural resources and minerals. Many gold Mines found in Balochistan . REKO DIQ and Seyahein-DIQ (saindik) are the two largest gold mines minesof Balochistan.
Saindak is a gold mine in the area near the town of Chaghi Shandak call. Copper and Golddeposits cooperation was found Shandak with a Chinese engineering company in the 1970s. 1995 Saindak copper and gold production began with Pakistan capital ofGovernment. In the initial trial month, the monthly production rate of 1,700 tonnes of copper, 6000 ounces of silver and 12,000 ounces of gold.
With the help of Germany and France, 50 MW Power Plant Construction. After the 1995 trial, the project lost because of some internal problems, and its momentum. In 2002, the mining project was awarded the China Metallurgical Company, and in 2003, they began to gold, silver and copper mining system. Ore reserves estimated at 412 million tons Shandak. These reserves contain an average of 0.5 grams of gold per tonne average of 1.5 grams per tonne silver. It is believed that the mine to produce 15,800 tons of blister copper per year, containing 1.5 tons of gold and silver capacity 2.8 tons.
REKO DIQ Chaghi district is a small town in Balochistan. REKO DIQ and desert areas near the Iranian border in Afghanistan. This is a remote area, is one of the world's largest known copper and gold mine. Barak Gold, Antofagasta mining and Tethyan Copper Company (TCC) is studying REKO DIQ mine outsourcing and recovery projects. Gold and Cooper REKO DIQ estimated to weigh about one billion 300 million tons. It is said, REKO DIQ has 12.3 million tonnes of copper and 20.9 million ounces of gold. Some other surveys say, REKO DIQ may have up to 11 one billion lbs of copper and 9 million ounces of gold. Gold and copper mine in Balochistan which can produce at least 17 million tons of copper and 300,000 ounces of gold per year.
Date Palm ( Dates):
Date: The date is an important agricultural production areas. Haran, Balochistan and Makran region is the main producing dates. Truth is in production date 110 Makran Kech District.
Rabbi, Begum Jangi, Klongi, Karoba, Mozwati, mansaure, Chalni, Sabza Shakar columns and export quality date. Markland annual production of over 4 million tones dates Rs. Appropriate communication and production, storage and processing facilities at 50% of the cases, if the waste, which is caused by millions of dollars. Balochistan is the only area enjoys 4 climatic conditions. Some places are very hot. Markland, Sibi, dahdar, as well as some other areas, including in a very hot area, but Kalat, Mastung, Quetta, Ziarat and Pishin cold area and production of high-quality apples, grapes, cherries, apricots in these areas of production.
But did not pay any attention to export these fruits also lost millions of dollars per year. Balochistan apple production is about 4 LAK tone, which is world famous quality and flavor. But equally no cooling facilities and export apple production capacity is wasted.
Pakistan’s Balochistan province is gifted with a diverse landscape. Among many geological wonders here, one big attraction is the presence of 18 mud volcanoes. In fact the world's largest and highest volcanoes.
known mud volcanoes located in Balochistan. The maximum height of 300 feet of mud volcanoes Balochistan mud volcano located not only on land but also from time to time appear in the Arabian Sea small islands moment.
7 18 mud volcanoes are located a few kilometers from the post of Sept, which is located further west Kutch and 11 mud volcanoes are Gwadar rest.
There are two known groups of mud volcanoes. First called' Chandargup "and the like are called" Jabl-UL-Ghurab ". Chandargup very close to being called" Hinglaj temple 'or' Nani Temple "an ancient Hindu temple. In practice, there are many words Chandragup pronunciation Since the distance between these volcanoes near Hindu temples, it is likely that the word is actually derived from the word Chandargup 'Chandragupta'.Another word volcano is locally referred to this group, "Chandra coop' moon means Volcanoes.
In 1862, Major (later Sir) Frederick John Goldsmid was employed by Governor Mumbai special tasks. Such a task is to enter the Makran lasting from December 12, 1861 Nian Zhi 1862 Month Year.
Goldsmid overland line from Karachi began their journey and write their travels up to the Gwadar diary.
This travel talked about mud volcanoes, its presence gives the first surviving account. Goldsmith wrote in his diary through the nearby Ras Koocheri fountain to avoid detours seen near Hinglaj and Ormara the mud volcanic ancient Hindu temple. Hindus worship as God Babhaknath these mud volcano homes.
It is reported that 8.1 intensity earthquake triggered the infamous Balochistan on May 31, 1935, in the mud volcano erupted near the northwest Quetta, Surab town, constantly spewing out mud 9 consecutive hours.
According to another report, the earthquake on November 28, 1945, 7.8 intensity occurred Makran coast in the Arabian Sea. The earthquake caused a tsunami wave reaching up in some places are sorry! This tsunami victims 4000people held in Sindh and Balochistan Arabian Sea coast. It is reported that a large area of destruction, Pasni and Ormara town.
Within the mud volcano crater lake formed by water. This photo was taken in September 2005.
A so-called Khaddi village was completely wiped off the earth's surface, there were no survivors. Even in Karachi, through the waves and Clifton Gizri rise a few feet. A compound in Karachi seawater into the oil storage facility in Kimari harbor. This presence in 1945 submarine cable connection is interrupted between Karachi and Muscat. Cape Light Tameng Ze, 72 kilometers from Karachi, was damaged. The earthquake also strongly felt in Manora island near the port of Karachi. the island was damaged during Manora94 foot-high lighthouse, a couple of pounds of mercury spilled.
The earthquake vibration and ventilation Hingol mud volcanoes, so that out of the volcanic gases ignite and give rise hundreds of feet into the air flame.
Hingol nearby mud volcano carefully view shows methane gas leaking.
Fiery eruption of Balochistan (1945) news spread all over India. There XAC aircraft from the Royal Air Force from Lasbela Balochistan National volcanic eruption in the report. An Englishman named Peter Mading Kai who stationed at Korangi Creek RAF flying boat base and his friend Peter Woolf, who is also stationed at Korangi Creek base, spent two weeks leave from the base commander, set off at 12 March 2, 1945, along with the Makran coast expedition. Lasbela countries they use Wazir provide transportation camels. Their task is to check out what happened when the earthquake and tsunami struck the coast of Makran. The position reached three active mud volcanoes (they calledChandragup, Ranagup, and Rajagup), and concluded that the earthquake has ignited the amount of gas released in this position it had caused the outbreak of a fiery volcano eruption story.
The outbreak of another account from V.P. Sondhi, who wrote about the same phenomenon in 1947 Hungol River near the mouth of Baluchistan region is under the volcano 1945 earthquake. According to Sondhi, spontaneous combustion of the gas plume outbreak:
"Such a great power, flames leaped into the sky thousands of feet high."
V.P. Sondhi is also recorded in the Arabian Sea sailed appeared mud volcanic island, on the Makran coast. These offshore mud volcanoes not live long, and the Arabian Sea waves actions dissolve within months, muddy islands. By the end of 1946, these mud volcanoes disappeared completely.
Wherein Chandargup mud volcano. This photo was taken in September 2005.
Geological research that emerges out of the Arabian Sea mud volcano made from high gas content high viscous mud. Slurry to obtain a high buoyancy over time, in the form of high mud ridge or mountain drive up out of the water.
G. Mingdilaier scientists about life in the same place in 2002 described the emergence of a new mud volcano island in March 1999, this time apparently not accompanied by an earthquake, but it has also been destroyed by waves after a few months.
This shows the aerial view of Chandargup mud volcanoes in a hilltop Hungol plain. A Smaller mud volcano is clearly visible. This photograph was taken in September 2005.
Mud volcanoes are generally not considered to be dangerous. In some countries like Azerbaijan it has the world's highest concentration of mud volcanoes, mud volcanic gases from the eruption more frequently than violence in Pakistan, in fact, is a tourist attraction. Should Pakistan do?
With the opening ofN10 - Makran Coastal Highway in 2004, mud volcanoes Balochistan now arrive in a few hours from Karachi.
Chandargup mud volcano
A world-class highway convenient, it also brings the "city people" flocked to this once remote areas. It is now a large number of these sandy climb volcanoes. Some preservation should be provided to these natural wonders, otherwise, tourism will offset the impact of natural beauty.
Travel should be a safe distance, but the scope of this sandy monument is permitted. I also recommend these volcanoes, not to mention access to the scenic coastal highway, worth on a separate line after sightseeing tour full of happiness.
Heat through the mud to create powerful explosion blowing.
Hingol National Park, Makran, Balochistan:
Hingol National Park (ہنگول) 190 km, about190 kilometers from Karachi, an area of about 1650 square kilometers, is China's largest national park in Pakistan. It is located in the Makran coast of Balochistan, called the support of at least 35 kinds of mammals, 65 kinds of amphibians and reptiles, 185 species of birds and more than 250 kinds of plants. The park is also a good habitat for wild goats Sindh province, Afghan urial and Indian gazelle.
The Hingol National Park in Pakistan is the country's largest national park. It is located on the Makran coast of Balochistan.
Via Makran Coastal Highway Sindh) is 619,043 hectares Hingol National Park. The park is along the Sindh, Balochistan Hingol River
Ling is a statue of the princess, was established in Hingol National Park is located on the Makran coast of Baluchistan province, about 190 kilometers from Karachi. Princes of Hope the name of the princess in her visit this area in view of Hollywood actress Angelina Jolie.
She stood there, namelessly, because God knows since when - right there in the wilderness along the Arabian Sea coast, dressed in royal robes and hoods. The wind howled around her, tease her, but she could not stop the wind from blowing the wind quickly swept through her, to the dust around her. No one went to see her, she felt very lonely. Her only companion in his region like Egypt Giza features a giant sphinx-like who shared her loneliness.
Then one day, she saw huge biological colors, yellow and black circular object and move it through the mountains cutting methods. Then a black outline was put on is cut off, and that she had never seen the strange creatures flat area. Then, she began to see people smaller creatures spread and speed of the moving black carpet at her side. She stopped and saw the people in awe and wonder in his eyes looked at her one. She was glad she finally found. More and more people began to visit her, staring at her
And take her picture.
Giza Sphinx makes a great man, Egypt is composed of numerous tourists from across the country to watch in awe and praise from around the world to those who did. However, in Pakistan's Balochistan substantially similar to the same remote areas Makran coastal Egyptian Sphinx a natural function.
Towards 740 Years Old Princess of Hope In Greater Balochistan
Giza Sphinx: the erosion of natural rock formation that looks like a sphinx, in Balochistan, Pakistan.
Karez passive tap groundwater, through this channel to the village at the bottom, where he became their lifeline pass it artificially underground passage by gravity. These structures all over West Asia, Central Asia, North Africa, Spain, and even as Peru, Mexico, and Japan.
Karezes irrigation structures just because I found; they are facts, maintain the social, economic and cultural life of the community ties. Balochistan South Asia is perhaps a place where, if you ask people how much they have land, they usually do not know. The land is limitless Balochistan. This is the water, the realm of matter in this drought. Human society can not stand by Baloch land ownership, but you can decide the size of the share of water in a Karez.
Karez water is always flowing water is divided into a 24-hour period calledShabanas. A Karez, depending on its size may have anywhere from 18 to 32 between karez shareholders Shaban as divided up with individual rights, the right to water from the water a few minutes to a week.
However, even a few minutes in Karez water rights, shareholders (shareeq, plural shuraqa) Gets the social status of a country gentleman and jirga was to sit down and weigh the collective decision.
Karez is incredibly fair system upstream and downstream users. Who owns along Karez first Arab land plots river water users, but also the channel on the last parcel of land. The second parcel of land has also said a second to the last package of land. This ensures that each person maintains the whole river in the community, not in an equal stake in Punjab, where the upstream water users invariably make out like bandits in the cost of downstream water users.
Qamruddin Karez, – Akhund Karez, Pakistan:
The karez system was almost completely abandoned in favor of the tube wells, thereby losing also the traditional system, practices, and knowledge.
Located rotation Karez Quetta city built by the British rain and snow east of Hanna Lake water into injection water channel 6-8 miles. A must visit in the summer special place. If you had access to in the morning, you'll be able to see ?? local coal workers rotate Karez way all the way this work is another treatment of the eye.
Gondrani house (or Roghan Shar or shehr-E-roghan)
The town is also known as the Cave City Lasbella, Gondrani cave, the spiritual home, and wheat Goudrani town.
Gondrani caves, known locally as Puraney Gard (Urdu: پرانےگھر), is carved into solid rock conglomerate on several levels, and through the connection path. All caves are small rooms with fireplaces and wall lamp niches, corridors or front porch together.
British rule, the caves were reported around 1500, but now only 500 remain. Cave in poor condition, and slowly erode. No protection, protection of the site, because of traffic inconvenience and lack of knowledge of the archaeological sites.
Gondrani cave (or Roghan Shar or shehr-E-roghan), Balochistan Province, Pakistan
In the absence of precise archaeological knowledge, there are at least a couple who built the town's exact history of these caves.The is not known, nor who built the cave theory and myth. But there are two theories to consider.
(1) According to a theory by Buddhist caves this idea in the 7th century AD, built in a reference entitled "Al-Hind, India - Islamic world made the book is found in this book. It was named "Al-Hind frontier" chapter excerpt chapter is this:
In fact, 18 km northwest of Lasbela (now called Bella) in the Gandakahar, ruins Newari town, is Gondrani cave, and as they show the construction of these caves are Buddhist doubt.
This theory seems to be more reasonable because the presence of Buddhists in this regard is also described by Sir Thomas Holdich these words:
"After Alexandra € ™ s death, one of his generals, Seleukas Nicator, became ruler of Central Asia and the West for many centuries after this, nothing can be traced back to about the history in the seventh Armabel beginning of the century ruler (now Bella) was a Buddhist Somani. Chach Sindh dynasty usurps the throne and marched Bella. Chach Bella was cordially received in the year 636, and leave the people with loyalty Bela.â € a deep impression?
- (1) Brahman Chach is part of Sindh province in the 7th century AD, the then ruler of Lasbela is called Gandava state is governed by Buddhism.
- (2) Sir Thomas Hungerford Holdich Colonel (1843-1929) is the English geographer and president of the Royal Geographical Society. Among other achievements, he believed he was in Balochistan extensive measurements.
About Gondrani Buddhist caves probably another reference to the royal place names from India as follows:
In Gondrani, Bella, hewn a solid conglomerate and possibly Buddhism originated in the northern cave; in other places Hinidan highly decorated tombs, burial obtains evidence superterrene system, constitutes the more important archaeological sites in the state.
Above with reference around Bella today so it is likely to G Indrani by Buddhist caves built in the 7th century AD, the area clear about the impact of the history of Buddhism
(2) According to the second theory, more like a mythical place like this:
According to legend, this is the king of the city a nameless reign of King Solomon. The king had a beautiful daughter, Badiul Jamal, who is in trying to put her six ferocious demons torment. Seven heroes came to her rescue, but all died trying to save her. Then Prince Saif -UL-Muluk vehicle access to the site, conquered the devil and get the princess.