Doomsday Clock hands remain unchanged, despite Iran deal and Paris talks
WASHINGTON, D.C. & STANFORD, CA. - The Atomic Scientist of Science and Safety Commission Bulletin announced today that close observation of the Doomsday Clock's minute hand will remain at between three minutes and midnight as recent progress in the Iranian nuclear agreement and the Paris climate agreement "is only in a full potential The little dark spot in the dark world of disaster.
The experts at the National Press Club are governed by Stanford University California Governor Brown, former Secretary of State George Schultz and former Defense Secretary William Perry.
Open in PDF format and included in the statement accompanying the Doomsday Clock resolution, contains the following words: "Three minutes (to midnight) too close. Too close. We, members of the Atomic Scientist Gazette of the Science and Security Council want to clarify our The decision not to move the hands of the doomsday clock in 2016: The decision is not good news, but expressed frustration that world leaders still do not focus their efforts and world attention on reducing the extreme dangers posed by nuclear weapons and climate change. When we refer to these dangers as existence dangers, this is what we mean: they threaten the existence of civilization, and should, therefore, be of concern to their constituents and their country's leaders in their first business."
The Atomic Scientist's Committee on Science and Safety announced a decision with the sponsors' committee, which included 16 Nobel Prize winners, on the timing of the Doomsday clock. The ultimate clock hand was moved to three minutes before midnight on January 22, 2015, marking the most severe set of clocks since the climax of the Cold War since 1983.
In addition to the news events at the National Press Club in Washington, DC, the final clock was also unveiled at a panel at Stanford University in California, featuring: Governor of California Jerry Brown; George P. Shultz, Thomas W. and Susan B. Ford Distinguished And William Perry, a senior fellow at the Fremansbury Institute, and former US Secretary of Defense, and a former US Secretary of State.
The Gazette acknowledges the significant progress that the Iranian nuclear agreement and the Paris climate agreement represent, but notes that these positive steps are largely offset by the anticipated development. Tensions between the United States and Russia have risen to levels reminiscent of the worst of the Cold War, even as the Iranian agreement was overturned. The conflict in Ukraine and Syria continues with dangerous blues and fringe, with Turkey, a NATO Members of the Russian military fighters involved in the Syrian shooting down, and the director of a state-run Russian news agency did a major exercise on the re-positioning of US radioactive ash as NATO and Russia relocated military assets. Washington and Moscow continued to insist that most of the existing Nuclear-arms control agreements, the United States, Russia, and other nuclear-weapon States are implementing programs to modernize their nuclear arsenals, recommending that they plan to maintain and maintain their nuclear-weapon readiness for decades, at least notwithstanding their commitment to codify Proliferation treaty for nuclear disarmament.
In terms of climate, the "notification" statement states: "Despite the possible, but the Paris climate agreement at the end of the warmest year on Earth, the global temperature exceeds pre-industrial levels by more than one degree Celsius."
Other positive climate changes mentioned in the report include Pope Economics related to climate change, the movement of fossil fuels by investors, new developments in sustainable energy systems, and more climate-friendly governments in Canada and Australia. However, the statement warns that even these developments must be seen as "opposed to the ongoing British government's persistent retrospection of climate policy and the continuing stubbornness of the Republican Party in the United States, which in the world alone recognizes that even human-induced climate change is a problem."
"The international community has yet to develop a coordinated plan to meet the proliferation challenges of cost, security, radioactive waste management, and large-scale nuclear expansion ... Because of these problems, in the United States And other countries, the attractiveness of nuclear power as a substitute for fossil fuels has declined despite the apparent need for carbon-free energy in the climate change era.
"Last year, the Bulletin's Science and Security Council moved the Doomsday Clock three minutes to midnight," said Rachel Bronson, executive director and publisher of Atomic Scientists Communications. "The probability of a global catastrophe is very high and must be quickly reduced Disaster risk action, the probability is not reduced. Clock ticks. Global danger. Wise leaders should act immediately."
Lawrence Krauss, chair of the Origins program at Arizona State University, chairman of the Earth and Space Exploration and Physics Faculty Foundation, and director of the Origins program at Arizona State University, said: "A year ago we moved the clock, There are some positive messages that the communique poses as a major challenge for the government, yet it remains unresolved, even as the global challenges we face are becoming more pressing. The clock reflects our estimates that the world was tense with the United States and Russia in 1983 The situation is as close to the brink as the coldest in decades."
"The historic Iranian nuclear agreement is an important step forward," said Thomas R. Pickering, member of the former US Ambassador to the United Nations, the Russian Federation, India, Israel, El Salvador, Nigeria and Jordan's Atomic Scientist's Science and Security Committee. Living in a world where nuclear tensions, including the United States, Russia, North Korea, and other countries continue to intensify, if not for the Iranian nuclear agreement, we must conclude that today's tensions, in general, are even greater than the end of the clock in 2015 Only three minutes to midnight.
"North Korea's recent nuclear test illustrates a real-life threat in a surging world," said Sharon Squassoni, a senior fellow and director of the Propagation Science and Security Council at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC "Proliferation is not a potential threat - With little control over the success of Iran's capabilities, and that regional tensions and conflicts increase the risk of theft or use of these weapons.
Sivan Kartha, a senior scientist and climate change expert at the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and co-leader of the SEI research theme "Climate Risk Reduction", members, announcement members of the Committee on Science and Security: "Paris voluntary commitments limit greenhouse gas emissions Avoid dramatic climate change, and if climate change is eventually stopped, these gradual steps must evolve into a fundamental change in the world's energy system.
What steps need to be taken? Announcements related to the Doomsday Cock announcement state that the following are the most pressing needs:
- Significantly reducing the proposed expenditure for the modernization program for nuclear weapons.
- Reactivate the disarmament process, focusing on results.
- To participate in North Korea to reduce nuclear risks.
- Track the Paris agreement, take action to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and fulfill Paris commitments to keep the temperature below 2 degrees Celsius.
- Now deal with commercial nuclear waste.
- Establish institutions specifically responsible for exploring and resolving potentially catastrophic misuse of new technologies.
Theory of Atomic Science:
Scientists founded by scientists at the University of Chicago in 1945 helped develop the first atomic weapon in the Manhattan Project, and the atomic scientist informed the subsequent use of the Revelation (Midnight) and the contemporary nuclear explosion image (countdown) in 1947 to create the Doomsday Clock Zero transmission), to convey the threat to mankind and the earth. The board of directors of the announcement, in consultation with its sponsor board, which includes 16 Nobel Prize winners, decided to move the minute hand of the doomsday clock. The "clock" has become a universally recognized indicator of the vulnerability of the world to the scourge of nuclear, climate change and life science emerging technologies. Since its inception in 1947, the final review clock has been adjusted only 21 times, from two minutes before midnight in 1953 to 17 minutes before midnight 1991.
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