Albania is located on the east coast of the Adriatic Sea, where Montenegro and Serbia go north, Macedonia to the east, and Greece south. Albania is slightly larger than Maryland and consists of two main areas: the most densely populated parts of the Albanian region, which constitute the 70% land area (northern, eastern and southern) and the western coastal lowland region, which contains almost the national agricultural land.
As part of the ancient era of Illyria, the Roman Empire was later, Albania was ruled by the Byzantine Empire, from 535 to 1204. A coalition of the chiefs of Albanian (1444-1466) failed to stop the Ottoman Turks’ progress, at least under the name of Turkish rule for more than four centuries until it was declared independent on November 28, 1912.
Most of the agriculture, Albania is one of the poorest countries in Europe. The World War II battlefield, after the war, became a republic, a conservative Muslim landlord, Ahmed Zugu, declared his own president in 1925 and the king (Zug I) in 1928. He ruled until Italy annexed Albania in 1939. The communist guerrillas under Enver Hoxha took power in 1944, close to the end of the Second World War. Hausa is the devotee of Stalin, imitating the Soviet Union’s repressive tactics, imprisoning or performing landlords and those who do not conform to the socialist ideal. Hawkesha eventually broke with Soviet communism in 1961 because of the difference with Khrushchev and then with Chinese communism, he also gave up after the death of Mao Zedong in 1978. Since then, Albania has established itself as a personal version of the socialist countries in its own way and has become one of the most isolated and economically underdeveloped countries in the world. Hoxha was succeeded by Ramiz Alia in 1982.
The March 1991 elections gave the Communists the decisive majority. However, a general strike and street demonstrations soon forced the Communist Party to resign. In June 1991, the Labor Party was renamed the Socialist Party and gave up its past ideology. The opposition Democratic Party won the landslide victory in the 1992 elections, Salibei Lisa, a former cardiologist, became the first elected president of Albania. The second year, former communists, including Ramiz Alia and former Prime Minister Fernando Nano, were charged with corruption charges.
But Albania’s experiment on democratic reform and free market economy in July 1997 was a catastrophic mistake, when a large number of citizens invested in insidious wealthy – fast pyramid program. When five of these plans collapsed at the beginning of the year, robbed Albanians about $ 1.2 billion in savings, and Albanians were angry against the government, which seemed to have ratified national speculation. Riots broke out, the country’s fragile infrastructure collapsed, criminals and rebels surpassed the country, into a virtual anarchy. The multinational protection force eventually regained its order and established a formal overthrow of the election of President Salibi Risa.
In the spring of 1999, Albania was heavily involved in the affairs of the Albanian compatriots in northern Kosovo. Albania is the outpost of NATO forces, receiving about 440,000 Kosovo refugees, about half of the Albanians coming from Kosovo’s homes.
The Political Struggle Stagnated
Ilir Mehta, who was elected prime minister in 1999, moved rapidly in the first few years of modern economy, privatization of enterprises, combating crime, reforming the judiciary and taxation system. He resigned in January 2002, because of politics, and frustrated. In June 2002, former President Alfred Moise was elected President, led by the Socialists (led by Fatos Nano) and the Democratic Party (led by Sali Berisha), to end the unproductive political division The However, the political struggle between Nano and Berlisha continued, and the living standards of the Albanians apparently did not improve. In the 2005 election, Berisha replaced the Nano, who was appointed Prime Minister by Moisiu in 2002.
Babier Topei, a scientist and senior member of the Berisha Democrat, was elected president by Parliament in July 2007.
Albania joined NATO in May 2009 and later applied to join the European Union later this month.
The election in July 2009, since 1990, recently hit the right-wing coalition in Berlisha, which has been beaten by opposition-oriented socialists, who are led by Eddie Rama. Objections against the results of the opposition, and accused Beretta’s voters of intimidation.
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