A heart attack (myocardial infarction or myocardial infarction) is a serious medical emergency in which the blood supply to the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot.
A heart attack is a medical emergency. Dial 999 and ask for an ambulance if you suspect a heart attack.
The lack of blood in the heart can severely damage the heart muscle and can be life-threatening.
The Symptoms of Heart Attack:
Symptoms of heart attack may include:
Chest Pain – the chest may feel as if it is pressed or squeezed by a heavy object, and pain may radiate from the chest to the jaw, neck, arms, and back.
short of breath.
feel weak and / or stunned
overwhelming feeling of anxiety
It is important to emphasize that not everyone experiences severe chest pain; The pain can often be mild and confused with indigestion.
It is the combination of symptoms that is important to determine if a person is having a heart attack and not the severity of the chest pain.
Treatment of Heart Attack.
While waiting for an ambulance, you can help chew and then swallow a tablet of aspirin (ideally 300 mg), as long as the person suffering from a heart attack is not allergic to aspirin.
Aspirin helps dilute the blood and reduce the risk of a heart attack.
In the hospital, the treatment for a heart attack depends on how bad it is. The two main treatments are:
Use of medications to dissolve blood clots.
Surgery to help restore blood to the heart.
Causes of Heart Attack:
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of heart attacks.
Coronary heart disease is a condition in which the main blood vessels supplying the heart are blocked with cholesterol deposits, known as plaques.
Before a heart attack, one of the plaques breaks (pops), causing a blood clot to form at the site of the rupture. The clot can block the blood supply to the heart and cause a heart attack.
Recover From Heart Attack:
The time it takes to recover from a heart attack will depend on the amount of damage to the heart muscle. Some people are well enough to return to work after two weeks. Other people may take several months to recover.
The Recovery Process Aims to:
reduce the risk of another heart attack, through a combination of changes in lifestyle, such as eating a healthy diet and medications, such as statins (which help lower blood cholesterol levels)
gradually restore your physical condition, so you can resume your normal activities (known as cardiac rehabilitation)
Most people can return to work after suffering a heart attack, but how quickly it depends on their health, the state of their heart and the type of work they do.
Complications of Heart Attack:
The complications of a heart attack can be serious and possibly life-threatening. These include:
Arrhythmia: is an abnormal heartbeat, where the heart begins to beat faster and faster and then stops beating (cardiac arrest).
Cardiogenic shock: where the heart muscles are severely damaged and can no longer contract adequately to supply enough blood to maintain many bodily functions
Rupture of the heart: the muscles, walls or valves of the heart are divided (broken)
These complications can occur quickly after a heart attack and are one of the leading causes of death.
Many people die suddenly from a complication of a heart attack before reaching the hospital, or within the first month after a heart attack.
The Perspective Often Depends On:
Age: serious complications are more likely as you get older.
the severity of the heart attack: how much heart muscle has been damaged during the attack
how much time elapsed until a person received treatment: treatment for a heart attack should start as soon as possible
Read about the complications of a heart attack.
Heart Attack Prevention:
There are five main steps you can take to reduce risk of heart attack (or having another heart attack):
smokers should stop smoking
lose weight if you are overweight or obese
Exercise regularly: Adults should do at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week, unless the doctor in charge of their care indicates otherwise.
Eat a low-fat, high-fiber diet that includes whole grains and lots of fresh fruits and vegetables (at least five servings a day)
moderate your alcohol consumption.