The history of Valentine’s Day – and its patron saint – is shrouded in mystery. We know that February has been celebrated as a month of romance, and St. Valentine’s Day, which we know today, contains relics of Christianity and ancient Roman traditions. But who was Saint Valentine, how did he become associated with this ancient ritual?
Where does Valentine ‘s Day come from?
The Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints as Valentine or Valentine, all of whom are martyred. A legend says that V.t’s Day is a priest in the third century serving in Rome. When Claudius II decided that single men were better soldiers than those with wives and family, his marriage to the young man was illegal. Valentine’s Day, to achieve the injustice of the Act, contrary to Claudius, and continue to secretly marry for the young lovers. When V.t’s Day was discovered, Claudius ordered him to be executed.
Other stories suggest that Valentine’s Day could be killed in an attempt to help Christians escape from the harsh Roman prisons, where they are often beaten and tortured. According to a legend, an imprisoned lover actually sent the first “Valentine’s Day” greetings to himself, as he fell in love with a young girl – probably his daughter – who visited his daughter during his imprisonment. Before his death, he was said to have written a letter to her “From Your Valentine’s Day”, one that is still in use today. Although the truth behind Valentine’s Legends is dark, the story emphasizes his appeal as a compassionate, heroic and most important romantic figure. Medieval, perhaps because of this reputation, V.t’s Day will become the UK and France, one of the most popular saints.
The origin of Valentine’s Day: Its pagan roots
Although some people believe that V.t’s Day is celebrated in mid-February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s Day death or burial – which may occur around 270 AD – others claim that the Christian Church may have decided to place the St. V.t’s Day in the middle February was celebrated in an effort to “Christian” pagan Lupercalia. Celebrating February or February 15, Lupercalia is a birth festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as Roman founders Romulus and Remus.
In order to start the festival, the members of the Luperci, the Order of the Roman Priest, will gather in a sacred cave, the Roman founders of Romulo and Remus’s infants being considered a sacred cave taken care of by wolves or Lupa. The priests were to sacrifice a goat for fertility, and a dog for purification. They then peeled the goat skins into strips, dipped them in sacrificed blood, carried them to the streets, and tapped the women and crop fields with goatskin. Roman women are not afraid to fear because it believes in the next year to make them more fertile, so welcome the touch of leather. Later, according to legend, all young women in the city will put their names in a large urn. The city’s bachelor will each choose a name and with his choice of women a year of matching. These games are often married.
Valentine ‘s Day: A romantic day
Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity, but was illegal – because it was considered “non-Christian” – at the end of the fifth century, Pope Gelasius announced February 14 Valentine’s Day. It was not until long after this day that it became related to love. In the Middle Ages, in France and the United Kingdom generally agreed that February 14 is the beginning of the birds mating season, which adds to the idea that Valentine’s Day should be a romantic day.
Valentine’s greetings are very popular as early as the Middle Ages, although the writing off V.t’s Day until 1400 began to appear. The oldest Valentine’s Day that still exists today was a poem by Charles Duke Charles of Orleans, written in 1415, by his wife, who was imprisoned in the Tower of London after the Agincourt campaign. (Greetings are now part of the British Library’s manuscript collection.) A few years later, Henry V is believed to have hired a writer, John Ryder, to write Valentine’s note to Catherine’s Valois.
V.t’s Day travels around the world
In addition to the United States, Valentine’s Day is celebrated in Canada, Mexico, the UK, France, and Australia. In the UK, Valentine ‘s Day began in the 17th century began to pop. By the middle of the eighteenth century, it was common for friends and lovers of all social classes to exchange feelings or handwritten notes of small representatives. Printed cards began to replace written letters in 1900, thanks to improvements in printing technology. Ready-made cards are an easy way for people to express their emotions at a time when the feeling of direct expression is discouraged. Cheaper postage also increased the sent Valentine’s Day greeting popularity.
Americans may begin exchanging hand-made Valentine’s Day in the early seventeenth century. In the 1840s, Esther A. Howland began selling the first mass-produced Valentine’s Day in the United States. Howland, known as the “Lover’s Mother,” makes elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and color pictures called “scrap.” Today, according to the Greeting Card Association, an estimated one billion Valentine’s Day cards are sent each year, making V.t’s Day the second-largest card-issuing holiday of the year. (Estimated Christmas has 2.6 billion cards.) Women buy about 85% of Valentine’s Day.
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