Neelum Valley Climate Change:
Neelum Valley Climate change after the Fourth Assessment Report (AR) of the IPCC is becoming a hot topic on the global environmental agenda and discussions between communities that are rapidly living in mountain environments are becoming more vulnerable. The Neelum Valley lies 200 kilometers northeast of Muzaffarabad, the Azad Kashmir capital, along the Neelum River with dense wet / dry temperate forests, glacier-fed streams rich in trout and majestic alpine pastures to attract inhabitants and nomadic pastures in the summer. Almost every year, from October to late March, the valley is still snowy, up to 6 months. In general, there is a lack of social research, knowledge and understanding of climate change in local communities, especially for humans and their environment. However, in recent years, communities and nomadic pastoral communities are experiencing the effects of climate change, and they have benefited from climate-sensitive fragile ecosystems in the Neelum valley. During a recent visit to Muzaffarabad, personal communication with Mohammad Yousaf Qureshi, Regional Project Director for the Mountain Conservation Program (PMAC), showed some of the environmental aspects of climate change felt by local communities in the Upper Nile Valley. Neelum Valley Climate change
In Arrang Kel, a small village (34 48 N and 74 21 E) in the Neelum Valley in the dry temperate zone, with de-frost, fir and spruce as the main conifer species, the results of the walnut (walnut) tree planted in 1924 Only ten years ago. The growth of trees planted in the region since 1991 has been very active compared to early planting. The sudden change in the fruit and growth of walnut trees is thought to be due to the temperature rise over the last two decades. Villagers say the snow melts from the beginning of May 15, but now the snowmelt began in early April, in the usual month before the month. In 2008, some villagers made a strange observation, the first discovery of mushroom growth in the snow.
Vunnum nervosum, locally known as Guchh, shrubs grow in humid and dry temperate forests as a growth deficit, used for flowering in April, but now blossom in January / early February. Similarly, according to locals, frosts usually begin in September, but have now advanced to October / November, delayed more than a month. In Arrang Kel and other villages, small farmers will plant short-term buckwheat as an alternative to corn (maize) to ensure the production of buckwheat because the corn is sometimes immature due to cold weather. But now people must know that corn can be successfully planted has abandoned the alternative planting. Neelum Valley Climate change Neelum Valley Climate change
In the field of fruit tree planting, it is believed that in the past they were unsuccessful, but in recent years they have observed that the planting of ten years of cherry plants is now beginning to bear fruit, although they are still dissatisfied with the quality of the fruit. Previously people did not have enough walnut in the local market, but now the success of walnut fruit and planting is possible due to warm temperatures. Another observation by the locals is that the growth of natural broad-leaved plants such as Acer and walnut trees is increased compared to the coniferous trees concerned. Many self-sufficient farmers believe that as temperatures rise, rodent attacks on crops increase.
These are observations of climate-related observations from poor people living in climate-sensitive areas. More social and scientific research is needed to validate these observations and to present empirical data that can help design climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies such as the Neelum Valley, the impact of climate change will be significant. (* Contributed by Dr Bashir Ahmed Wani – Coordinator Policy Reform, SLMP, Pakistan) Neelum Valley Climate change Neelum Valley Climate change
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