Usually, early there are no prostate cancer symptoms or signs. It is usually discovered through PSA testing or DRE, a process called screening.
If the PSA test or DRE indicates the presence of prostate cancer, more monitoring and testing is needed to diagnose prostate cancer. When prostate cancer does cause symptoms or signs, it is usually diagnosed later.
Prostate Cancer symptoms and signs may include:
- Urinary frequency.
- Poor urine flow or interruption or need to be nervous to empty the bladder.
- Impulsiveness of frequent urination at night.
- Blood in urine.
- Blood in semen.
- New erectile dysfunction.
- Pain or burning when urinating, this is less common.
- Discomfort or pain by sitting posture, caused by prostatic hypertrophy.
Sometimes prostate cancer patients do not have any of these changes. Other non-cancer conditions of the prostate, such as Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or enlarged prostate, can cause similar symptoms.
Or, the cause of the symptoms may be different medical conditions of cancer. Urinary symptoms can also be caused by bladder infections or other diseases.
If the cancer has spread beyond the prostate, men may experience:
- Back, buttocks, thighs, shoulders or other bone pain.
- Swelling or swelling of the legs or feet.
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Defecation habit change.
If you are concerned about any changes you have encountered, please consult your doctor. In addition to other questions, your doctor will ask you when and how often you have symptoms. This is to help identify the cause of the problem, called diagnosis.
If diagnosed as cancer, symptom relief remains an important part of cancer care and treatment. This can also be called symptom management, palliative care or supportive care.
Be sure to discuss your symptoms with your medical team, including any new cancer disease symptoms or changes in symptoms.