Study rules out dark matter destruction as origin of extra radiation in galaxy center
An artist’s interpretation of the Milky Manner exhibits the “boxy” distribution of stars within the Galactic Heart. A UCI-led workforce of physicists stated in a newly revealed examine that this form leaves little or no room for extra radiation from the destruction of darkish matter particles. Credit score: Oscar Macias for UCI

The detection greater than a decade in the past by the Fermi Gamma Ray Area Telescope of an extra of high-energy radiation within the middle of the Milky Manner satisfied some physicists that they have been seeing proof of the annihilation of darkish matter particles, however a workforce led by researchers on the College of California, Irvine has dominated out that interpretation.


In a paper revealed just lately within the journal Bodily Overview D, the UCI scientists and colleagues at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State College and different establishments report that—via an evaluation of the Fermi information and an exhaustive sequence of modeling workout routines—they have been in a position to decide that the noticed gamma rays couldn’t have been produced by what are known as weakly interacting large particles, most popularly theorized because the stuff of darkish matter.

By eliminating these particles, the destruction of which might generate energies of as much as 300 giga-electron volts, the paper’s authors say, they’ve put the strongest constraints but on darkish matter properties.

“For 40 years or so, the main candidate for darkish matter amongst particle physicists was a thermal, weakly interacting and weak-scale particle, and this outcome for the primary time guidelines out that candidate as much as very high-mass particles,” stated co-author Kevork Abazajian, UCI professor of physics & astronomy.

“In lots of fashions, this particle ranges from 10 to 1,000 instances the mass of a proton, with extra large particles being much less engaging theoretically as a darkish matter particle,” added co-author Manoj Kaplinghat, additionally a UCI professor of physics & astronomy. “On this paper, we’re eliminating darkish matter candidates over the favored vary, which is a large enchancment within the constraints we placed on the probabilities that these are consultant of darkish matter.”

Abazajian stated that darkish matter alerts may very well be crowded out by different astrophysical phenomena within the Galactic Heart—comparable to star formation, cosmic ray deflection off molecular gasoline and, most notably, neutron stars and millisecond pulsars—as sources of extra gamma rays detected by the Fermi area telescope.

“We checked out the entire completely different modeling that goes on within the Galactic Heart, together with molecular gasoline, stellar emissions and high-energy electrons that scatter low-energy photons,” stated co-author Oscar Macias, a postdoctoral scholar in physics and astronomy on the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Arithmetic of the Universe on the College of Tokyo whose go to to UCI in 2017 initiated this venture. “We took over three years to drag all of those new, higher fashions collectively and look at the emissions, discovering that there’s little room left for darkish matter.”

Study rules out dark matter destruction as origin of extra radiation in galaxy center
This illustration of knowledge from the Fermi Gamma Ray Area Telescope after its launch in 2008 exhibits an extra of high-energy radiation within the Milky Manner’s Galactic Heart. Many physicists attributed this to the annihilation of weakly interacting darkish matter particles, however a UCI-led examine has excluded this risk via a variety of particle lots. Credit score: Oscar Macias for UCI

Macias, who can be a postdoctoral researcher with the GRAPPA Centre on the College of Amsterdam, added that this outcome wouldn’t have been doable with out information and software program supplied by the Fermi Giant Space Telescope collaboration.

The group examined all lessons of fashions used within the Galactic Heart area for extra emission analyses, and its conclusions remained unchanged. “One must craft a diffuse emission mannequin that leaves a giant ‘gap’ in them to loosen up our constraints, and science does not work that method,” Macias stated.

Kaplinghat famous that physicists have predicted that radiation from darkish matter annihilation can be represented in a neat spherical or elliptical form emanating from the Galactic Heart, however the gamma ray extra detected by the Fermi area telescope after its June 2008 deployment exhibits up as a triaxial, bar-like construction.

“Should you peer on the Galactic Heart, you see that the celebs are distributed in a boxy method,” he stated. “There is a disk of stars, and proper within the middle, there is a bulge that is about 10 levels on the sky, and it is really a really particular form—kind of an uneven field—and this form leaves little or no room for extra darkish matter.”

Does this analysis rule out the existence of darkish matter within the galaxy? “No,” Kaplinghat stated. “Our examine constrains the type of particle that darkish matter may very well be. The a number of strains of proof for darkish matter within the galaxy are strong and unaffected by our work.”

Removed from contemplating the workforce’s findings to be discouraging, Abazajian stated they need to encourage physicists to deal with ideas aside from the preferred ones.

“There are a variety of different darkish matter candidates on the market,” he stated. “The search goes to be extra like a fishing expedition the place you do not already know the place the fish are.”


One other blow for the darkish matter interpretation of the galactic centre extra


Extra data:
Kevork N. Abazajian et al, Sturdy constraints on thermal relic darkish matter from Fermi-LAT observations of the Galactic Heart, Bodily Overview D (2020). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.102.043012

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Research guidelines out darkish matter destruction as origin of additional radiation in galaxy middle (2020, August 26)
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